Gate to the East
Záhony is in Hungary’s northeast corner in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county. The town is located along the Ukrainian-Hungarian border. It is separated from Ukraine not only by the border but also by the Tisza River.
It is the Eastern gate of the European Union, an important railway and transport hub, a border crossing between Ukraine and Hungary.
The railway construction, during the communist era, gave the town a very important role in the East-West delivering of goods. Its golden age was during the CMEA (or Comercon – the Council of Mutual Economic Assistance in the Soviet Union, 1949–1991).
You can read more about the CMEA here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comecon
Because of the difference in railroad track withs (between Russia and Europe) a transhipment center was needed to be built near to Záhony and Csap (a now Ukranian town).
The development of road transport at the border crossing also became greatly significant.
Due to the location of this quiet little town, to the people, who live here, the railroad is the primary income source.
The first written records of the town are from the XIV. and XV. centuries.
Over the centuries, a number of landlords owned the lands.
In 1831 a sugar factory was built.
Before the Treaty of Trianon Záhony belonged to Ung county, after the treaty it was attached to Szabolcs county. In 1950, the territory became part of the newly created county of Szabolcs-Szatmár.
Záhony is officially a city since 1989.
Dr. Joseph Béres was born in the town; a pharmacist, doctor, researcher – inventor of the Béres drops.
You can read about the drops here (for fun): http://www.beres-international.com/beres/termekek/beres_drops/
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