Ózd

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Ózd is located in North Hungary, in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County. It was built in the Gömör-Heves Hill’s Valley. It is called the “City of Seven Hills” because you can approach it from seven directions. Ózd is the county’s second largest city.

The area has been inhabited since prehistoric times. The first written record dates from 1272. The XIII. century Ózd starts to increase slowly, but for a long time it is only a small village.

Around Ózd there are seven small towns and villages that in 1940 were incorporated into Ózd and it was granted city status in 1949. In 1978 another five villages were attached to it.

Ózd became an industrial city in the nineteenth century due to its brown coal deposit. It became a major industrial city during the socialist era.

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After the regime, heavy industry was almost completely eliminated. It introduced the region’s biggest problem: unemployment. The metallurgy termination made life difficult for more than 5,000 people. Many people moved away in the hope of a better living.

Memories of the Ózd metallurgy (and the factory’s worker colony) have had an official historic significance since 2005.

According to the 2001 census, Ózd has the country’s third largest Roma community (approximately 13,000 people).

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The city boasts several churches: Roman Catholic, Greek Catholic, Lutheran and Reformed.

There is a well-developed public transportation system in the city, operating 22 bus lines.

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